Date Created: Fri 24-Sep-2010

Related Document Categories:

Get my WebSphere Application Server course here >>

" projects from Eclipse Galileo

Creating my first CXF project - Part 2

the goal here is to take the sample server code and make into a WAR file using Ecilpse dynamic web project.

I renamed (Refactored) the client project to CXFClient and copied to CXFServer. The CXFClient project can be made into a standard Java application project as it was created a dynamic web project, yet we didn't want to build a WAR.

I am now using the CXFServer web project.

Moved to WEB-INF

What I then did was look at the build.xml and common_build,xml for the build target and trace the targets to see how the build process prepares the required WAR layout if the WAR target is built.

We have not called WAR yet, so I am going back to the sample to call the WAR target and see the resulting WAR, this is quicker than trying to read the ant and dedude my target tracing.

<target name="war" depends="build">
<cxfwar filename="${}.war"/>

Command line

ant war

same as ant -f build.xml war

I just love ANT so much, this guy was clever. He invented ANT as he wrote Tomcat.

To allow the use of the jar command we need to add C:\Java\jdk1.6.0_20\bin to the path

C:\apache-cxf-2.2.7\samples\java_first_jaxws\build\war>set path=%path%;C:\Java\jdk1.6.0_20\bin

we should set in the sytem properties of windows for persistence of the path.

lets expand the WAR file built by the ant command, using the JAR command. This is great for when on unix systems.

C:\apache-cxf-2.2.7\samples\java_first_jaxws\build\war>jar -xvf helloworld.war

Here is the resulting file structure

Lets create a test file of the WAR structure

C:\apache-cxf-2.2.7\samples\java_first_jaxws\build\war>jar -xvf helloworld.war > structure.txt

Result of text file to analysis

created: META-INF/
created: WEB-INF/
inflated: WEB-INF/web.xml
created: WEB-INF/classes/
created: WEB-INF/classes/demo/
created: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/
created: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/client/
created: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/client/Client.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/HelloWorld.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/HelloWorldImpl.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/IntegerUserMap$IntegerUserEntry.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/IntegerUserMap.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/IntegerUserMapAdapter.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/Server.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/User.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/UserAdapter.class
inflated: WEB-INF/classes/demo/hw/server/UserImpl.class
inflated: WEB-INF/cxf-servlet.xml
created: WEB-INF/wsdl/
inflated: WEB-INF/wsdl/cxf-servlet.xml
created: WEB-INF/lib/
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/FastInfoset-1.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/XmlSchema-1.4.5.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/abdera-core-0.4.0-incubating.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/abdera-extensions-json-0.4.0-incubating.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/abdera-extensions-main-0.4.0-incubating.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/abdera-i18n-0.4.0-incubating.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/abdera-parser-0.4.0-incubating.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/ant-1.6.5.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/antlr-2.7.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/aopalliance-1.0.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/asm-2.2.3.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/axiom-api-1.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/axiom-impl-1.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/bcprov-jdk15-1.43.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/commons-codec-1.3.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/commons-collections-3.2.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/commons-lang-2.4.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/commons-logging-1.1.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/commons-pool-1.5.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/cxf-2.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/cxf-manifest.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/cxf-xjc-boolean-2.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/cxf-xjc-bug671-2.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/cxf-xjc-dv-2.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/cxf-xjc-ts-2.2.7.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-activation_1.1_spec-1.0.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-annotation_1.0_spec-1.1.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-javamail_1.4_spec-1.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-jaxws_2.1_spec-1.0.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-jms_1.1_spec-1.1.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-stax-api_1.0_spec-1.0.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/geronimo-ws-metadata_2.0_spec-1.1.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jaxb-api-2.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jaxb-impl-2.1.12.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jaxb-xjc-2.1.12.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jaxen-1.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jettison-1.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jra-1.0-alpha-4.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/js-1.7R1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/jsr311-api-1.0.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/neethi-2.0.4.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/oro-2.0.8.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/saaj-api-1.3.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/saaj-impl-1.3.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/serializer-2.7.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/slf4j-api-1.5.8.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/slf4j-jdk14-1.5.8.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-beans-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-context-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-context-support-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-core-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-jms-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-tx-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/spring-web-2.5.6.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/velocity-1.6.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/wsdl4j-1.6.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/wss4j-1.5.8.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/wstx-asl-3.2.9.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/xalan-2.7.1.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/xml-resolver-1.2.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/xmlbeans-2.4.0.jar
inflated: WEB-INF/lib/xmlsec-1.4.3.jar

All the classes in RED I will not be adding unless required when deployed to container

OK lets create our WAR

Delete the client packages

Lets open the web.xml of the expanded WAR and see what we need and add it to our web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN" "">
<description>Apache CXF Endpoint</description>

OK, now lets add the web service desriptor cxf-servlet by adding a new xml file

Select WEB-INF folder


contents of cxf-servlet

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns=""

<jaxws:server id="jaxwsService" serviceClass="demo.hw.server.HelloWorld" address="/hello_world">
<bean class="demo.hw.server.HelloWorldImpl" />

I guess we will have to add a few jars for this service before it will work, anyway lets continue by importing the appropriate JARS for CXF

i am only going to add the single JAR cxf-manifest.jar

I am now going to add the wsdl folder. for some reason the samples WAR web service descriptor is in twice, we can deal with that later?

That should be all she wrote, lets export the WAR and compare the two

Compare only shows JAR difference, we will work them out as required.

Lets depoy to TOM


SEVERE: Error loading WebappClassLoader
delegate: false
----------> Parent Classloader:
java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.cxf.transport.servlet.CXFServlet

Looked around NET and as I suspected earlier to run web service we need a whole lot of JARS

geronimo-activation_1.1_spec-1.0-M1.jar (or Sun’s Activation jar)
geronimo-annotation_1.0_spec-1.1.jar (JSR 250)
geronimo-javamail_1.4_spec-1.0-M1.jar (or Sun’s JavaMail jar)
geronimo-servlet_2.5_spec-1.1-M1.jar (or Sun’s Servlet jar)
geronimo-ws-metadata_2.0_spec-1.1.1.jar (JSR 181)


Copied in files of the latest XCF from sample lib folder....


SEVERE: StandardWrapper.Throwable
org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionStoreException: Line 2 in XML document from /WEB-INF/cxf-servlet.xml is invalid; nested exception is org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: Premature end of file.

Doh, forgot paste in the content of the file

tried to run client code form CXFClient project

INFO: Creating Service {http://server.hw.demo/}HelloWorld from class demo.hw.server.HelloWorld
29-Apr-2010 23:26:57 org.apache.cxf.phase.PhaseInterceptorChain doDefaultLogging
WARNING: Interceptor for {http://server.hw.demo/}HelloWorld#{http://server.hw.demo/}sayHi has thrown exception, unwinding now
org.apache.cxf.interceptor.Fault: Could not send Message.
at org.apache.cxf.interceptor.MessageSenderInterceptor$MessageSenderEndingInterceptor.handleMessage(
at org.apache.cxf.phase.PhaseInterceptorChain.doIntercept(
at org.apache.cxf.endpoint.ClientImpl.invoke(
at org.apache.cxf.endpoint.ClientImpl.invoke(
at org.apache.cxf.endpoint.ClientImpl.invoke(
at org.apache.cxf.frontend.ClientProxy.invokeSync(
at org.apache.cxf.jaxws.JaxWsClientProxy.invoke(
at $Proxy44.sayHi(Unknown Source)
at demo.hw.client.Client.main(
Caused by: ConnectException invoking http://localhost:9000/helloWorld: Connection refused: connect

then, changed client as follows for TOMCAT.

String endpointAddress = "http://localhost:8080/CFXServer/helloWorld";

Caused by: HTTP response '404: /CFXServer/helloWorld'
at org.apache.cxf.transport.http.HTTPConduit$WrappedOutputStream.handleResponseInternal(
at org.apache.cxf.transport.http.HTTPConduit$WrappedOutputStream.handleResponse(
at org.apache.cxf.transport.http.HTTPConduit$WrappedOutputStream.close(
... 11 more

Changed context Root to CXFServer (note these projects need cleaning and building from scratch as my local tomcat is not showing context root properly?

Lets load the web service


Lets run client and try

String endpointAddress = "http://localhost:8080/CFXServer/services/hello_world"; //Tomcat


Now we need to understand how it all bind together ie how the actual CXF servlet provides the actual service, but we got it working.

FYI we can load the wsdl, and later to a top down service is generate code form WSDL


Try to create new projects
Send and XML Message (XML Document ie Create Journey)
Understand lifecycle or a Webservice using this API
Try a Spring Bean approach
Try a WSDL first approach

Get my WebSphere Application Server course here >>

Steve Robinson - IBM Champion 2013

About Me

Steve Robinson has been working in IT for over 20 years and has provided solutions for many large-enterprise corporate companies across the world. Steve specialises in Java and Middleware.

In January 2013, I was awarded the prestigous 'IBM Champion' accolade.

  • Linked In
  • Twitter
  • About Me
  • My Blog
  • Contact Me

Read my books?

IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide

IBM WebSphere Application Server 8.0 Administration Guide

WebSphere Application Server 7.0 Administration Guide

WebSphere Application Server 7.0 Administration Guide

WebSphere Categories

Other Categories